Installing an Interior Light Fixture
Interior lighting not only helps you see better, but also adds to the decor of your home. Upgrading an interior light is a great way to spruce up an area and save on energy costs.
Determining Whether You Need New Wiring
If you are replacing an existing light fixture, you can use the existing wiring to install your new light. If you are replacing a light fixture with a heavier light fixture, you might need to install a new box and brace to make sure it's secured, however you can re-use the electrical wiring. If there is no existing light fixture, you will need to install a new box and run wiring into an existing outlet, switch or junction box. Unless you are an advanced DIYer, it is recommended to hire a professional if you need to run new wiring.
Cost Factors of Replacing Your Light Fixture
Light fixtures come in all types of qualities, greatly affecting the overall project price. Depending on the price of your fixture, the labor of removing and installation plays could be a big factor or a small one. For example, if you buy an economy light, the labor will be the majority of your cost. If you buy a designer light, the material cost will be of greater proportion. Additionally, running new wires will increase the labor cost. Below are the cost factors to installing an interior light fixture.
- Removal of the old light fixture
- Purchase and installation of the new light fixture
- Running new electrical (if applicable)
Common types of interior light fixtures
- HangingCommon types include pendant, reel, suspended and chandelier
- Surface MountThese are attached flush to the wall or ceiling
- Track LightingThese lights sit in a track that is installed flush with the ceiling
- Recessed LightingThese lights are recessed into the ceiling creating a clean look
Removing the existing light fixture (hanging or surface mount)
First you will need to remove the existing light fixture. Make sure you have turned off your electricity before you begin. Remove the existing light fixture from the ceiling by removing the cover, unscrewing the fixture from the base and disconnecting the existing wires.
Installing Your New Light Fixture (hanging or surface mount)
Follow the manufacturer directions that came with your new light fixture. To connect the wiring, connect the ground wire (bare) from the box to the green ground wire from the light. Connect the white neutral wire from the light to the neutral wire from the box. Connect the black wire from the light to the black hot wire from the box. When you have connected the wiring, gently tuck the wires into the box. The last step is to attach the light fixture to the base and attach the cover.
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